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Current Research

 

Local and digital police work: towards future-proof Community Policing – Fase one

Acronym

Local and digital police work: towards future-proof Community Policing – Phase One

Time schedule 2019 - 2022
Researchers Dr. Joyce Kerstens (project manager), ir. Renkse Postuma, drs. Mirjam Uenk, prof. dr. Wouter Stol

Students involved

Wouter Nauta (HBO-ICT)
Contact j.kerstens@nhl.nl
Main research question

How can the digital expertise of local police officers be increased?

Summary

Community policing is considered the basis of the police organization. Local police officers are in close contact with citizens and have an important task in supervision and enforcement, incident follow-up, victim care and tackling youth issues. Citizens' lives are increasingly taking place online and the border between local and digital has become fluid. Police work must take place in an environment where the local and the digital are connected.

 The aim of this study is to develop solutions that effectively equip Community Policing to deal with present and future digital opportunities and threats. This study uses the design science research methodology: researchers design and test a solution for a practical problem through an iterative process of diagnosis, input, testing and adjustment from operational police practice.

 In the first year of the project we look for ‘best practices’. We also make an inventory of opportunities that are not or insufficiently used to give substance to police work in a digitized society. Subsequently, in co-creation with local police officers, we look for ways in which these opportunities can be exploited.

Funding Dutch National Police

 

Online purchase fraud from abroad

Acronym

Online purchase fraud

Time schedule

2018 - 2019

Researchers

Jurjen Jansen MSc, Saskia Westers MSc and Prof. dr. W.Ph. Stol

Contact

J.Jansen@nhl.nl

Main research question

How can international purchase fraud be combated, different from detection?

Summary

Every month, millions of people sell their valuable items to other individuals via the internet. Usually this is done to full satisfaction of all parties. Unfortunately, there will always be people who deliberately take advantage of people’s trust. Either people pay without receiving a product or people are persuaded to send their product without receiving a payment. In both cases they are scammed. The police and its partners are committed to investigating how to prevent victimization of online purchase fraud. This study focuses on online purchase fraud where victims have transferred money to a party abroad. The international component provides a bottleneck for the police and its partners in the fight against cross-border purchase fraud. Therefore, the goal of this study is to investigate what measures - other than detection - can be taken (with multiple parties) to disrupt this type of online fraud.

Funding

Politie en Wetenschap 
 

Cracking the Criminal Mind: looking for innovative cybercriminal revenue models

Acronym

Cracking the Criminal Mind

Time schedule

2018 - 2019

Researchers

Dr. Joyce Kerstens and Saskia Westers MSc

Students involved

Sanne Riemersma, Paul van der Meij

Contact

J.Kerstens@nhl.nl

Main research question

What are the criminal revenue models of the near future and how can the police anticipate where and when these models will be deployed?

Summary

In the pilot project Cracking the Criminal Mind, 50 higher vocational and university students work together with police detectives in an online community. Together they reflect on innovative cybercriminal revenue models. In other words, they want to gain insight into how cybercriminals operate for financial gain. Various criminal methods are already known, but cybercrime is rapidly developing and; therefore, it is safe to assume that some methods are still unknown or that new types of cybercrime will arise. The pilot project is the result of a collaboration between police officers of the Regionale Unit Noord Nederland (Regional Unit North Netherlands) and the Cyber Safety Research Group

In the first period of the project (Sept-Dec 2018), unknown cybercriminal revenue models will be identified. What are new money laundering practices? How do cybercriminals use cryptocurrency? How do cybercriminals operate without leaving traces? In the second period of the project (Jan-Jun 2019), strategies to effectively combat these revenue models will be developed. Which barrier models (defense tactics) are useful? What methods are effective to proactively detect cyber criminals?

A secondary goal of this project is the identification of success and failure factors of an experimental collaboration between police and students.

Funding

KIEM- NWO

 

Police Detectives on the TOR Network

Acronym

PDTOR

Time schedule

2017-2020

Researchers

Bram Emmen MSc (PhD-candidate), Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, Prof. dr. Christianne de Poot

Contact

Bram.Emmen@ou.nl

Main research question

The main research question is if and why there is a difference between everyday police practice and how the work should be done according to principles of forensic correctness and legal fairness.

Summary

The present study focuses on police detectives fighting crime on a specific part of the internet: the TOR-network. The core idea is to compare everyday police reality with the demands that are imposed on detective work by principles of both forensic correctness and legal fairness. ‘Forensic correctness’ refers to collecting information in accordance with technological and jurisprudential requirements imposed on law enforcement. ‘Legal fairness’ refers to the police doing their work in accordance with the rule of law and fundamental human rights. The results can help the police to fight crime in modern society appropriately. The results can also help those to whom the police are accountable as well as provide the academic world with new and up-to-date arguments in the ongoing discussion about technology-based policing, fundamental human rights and how the law can be enforced in this newly created digital environment. The study is set up as an international comparative study. Detective work on the TOR-network will be studied in Norway, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The forensic analysis will be carried out in Sweden.

Funding

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in cooperation with NordForsk (The Nordic Countries’ Organisation for Scientific Research)

 

Youth with a Mild Intellectual Disability and Cybersafety

Time schedule

2016-2020

Researchers

Rogier de Groot MSc (PhD-candidate), Dr. Hendrien Kaal, Prof. dr. Wouter Stol

Contact

groot.de.r@hsleiden.nl

Main research question

Which experiences (victimization and offending) do adolescents in the age between 12-19 with MID have on the online risk areas aggression, financial-economic crime, sexual activities, and beliefs?
Which risk and protective factors explain why this population have experiences in these risk areas?
How does knowledge on these experiences and their explanations contribute to the delivery of health care services? 

Summary

Adolescents pose a safety risk in using the internet, like cyberbullying and identity fraude. Adolescents with a mild intellectual disability (MID) seem to be more prone to these risks than average adolescents which can result in victimization and offending behavior. So far little attention has been paid to the online problems of adolescents with MID. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore the online (risk) behavior of adolescents with MID and to identify important risk and protective factors in order to contribute to the delivery of healthcare services in the Netherlands. 

Funding

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)

  

 Public Order Maintainance in a Digital Environment (‘Mayor in Cyber Space’)

 Acronym

 BMiCS

 Time schedule

 2018

 Researchers

Dr. Willem Bantema, Suzanna Twickler LLM, Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, dr. Michiel Duchateau en prof. mr. Solke Munneke 

 Contact

Willem.Bantema@nhl.nl

 Main research question

Can administrative law (powers of the mayor) be used to regulate online activities that constitute a threat to the public order?

 Summary

These days criminal law is being used to regulate crime and public order, offline as well as online. In the offline world the local authorities also use administrative law for the purpose of public order maintenance. This is not the case in the online world. It has happened on several occasions however that online behavior has led to offline public order disturbances, raising the question why local authorities have to wait for that moment before they can come into action. First this study must give an answer to the question if there does exist a public order online. The next question is if administrative law can be used to regulate online activities that constitute a threat to the online or offline public order? Last but not least the study must make clear how, if at all possible and desirable, this public order maintenance by administrative law may be achieved.

 Funding

 Politie en Wetenschap

  

 Level up! Knowledge for police work in a digitized society 

 Acronym

Level Up

 Time schedule

2018 - 2019

 Researchers

Jurjen Jansen MSc, Thijs van Valkengoed BSc and Prof. Dr. W. Ph. Stol

 Students involved (from)

Prior to this national study, Thijs van Valkengoed was a student at the Dutch Police Academy. He conducted a preliminary research at the Amsterdam police unit

 Contact

J.Jansen@nhl.nl

 Main research question

What is the knowledge deficit of employees of the Dutch Police regarding digital aspects of police work and how can that be addressed? 

 Summary

Multiple studies have shown that there is a knowledge deficit amongst Dutch police employees with regard to digital aspects of police work. This knowledge deficit hampers the ability of the police to use digital traces in criminal investigations and to effectively fight cybercrime. Although it is clear that there is a knowledge deficit, to date it remains unclear what the knowledge deficit is and to whom it applies within the police organization. This study is meant to specify the knowledge deficit and to advice the police on how to address the problem. 

 Funding

Dutch Police 

 

Upcoming research

 

Acronym

 

Time schedule

 

Researchers

 

Students involved (from)

 

Contact

 

Main research question

 

Summary