• darkblurbg
  • darkblurbg
  • darkblurbg
  • darkblurbg
  • darkblurbg

 

Current Research

 

Body worn cameras: effects on police work (activities and outcomes) 

Acronym

Body worn cameras

Time schedule

2017 - 2018

Researchers

Dr. Joyce Kerstens, Suzanna Twickler MSc, dr. Willem Bantema and Prof. dr. Wouter Stol

Students involved  
Contact

J.Kerstens@nhl.nl

Main research question

What are the effects of body worn cameras on police work (activities and outcomes)?

Summary

In 30 investigational settings the Dutch police is experimenting with body worn cameras. Bodycams can be used in various types of police work, for example during the surveillance of large-scale events. An important goal is to prevent or de-escalate violence and to promote norm-compliant behaviour.

To monitor the effects of these cameras on police activities and their outcomes, we conduct a literature study, a quick scan amongst project managers and an online survey amongst users. In addition, we organize focus groups. This study is meant to identify positive effects and good practices as well as possible unintended side effects. Goal is to learn what works and to find out which preliminary conditions are necessary in specific contexts.

Funding

Dutch Police

 

The Human Factor in Online Banking

Acronym

KVDB-2

Time schedule

2013-2018

Researchers

Jurjen Jansen MSc (PhD-candidate), Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, Dr. Nicolien Kop,

Contact

j.jansen@nhl.nl

Main research question

To what extent can safety and security of online banking be improved from an end-user perspective?

Summary

The goal of this study is to improve the safety and security of online banking from an end-user perspective. The threats central to this study are phishing and malware attacks on end-users. In order to answer the main research question, two approaches are taken. First, behaviour leading towards online banking fraud victimization and characteristics of victims are studied. Learning more about victims and how victimization takes place may lead to more knowledge on how to combat online banking fraud effectively. Second, motivations on precautionary online behaviour are studied. Knowledge on this issue may contribute to strengthen the weakest link in safety and security of online banking: the end-user, hence increase their online resilience, that is, make them better able to protect themselves against online banking fraud. This study falls within the scope of behavioural information security research.  

Funding

Dutch Banking Association & Dutch Police

 

Police Detectives on the TOR Network

Acronym

PDTOR

Time schedule

2017-2020

Researchers

Bram Emmen MSc (PhD-candidate), Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, Prof. dr. Christianne de Poot

Contact

Bram.Emmen@ou.nl

Main research question

The main research question is if and why there is a difference between everyday police practice and how the work should be done according to principles of forensic correctness and legal fairness.

Summary

The present study focuses on police detectives fighting crime on a specific part of the internet: the TOR-network. The core idea is to compare everyday police reality with the demands that are imposed on detective work by principles of both forensic correctness and legal fairness. ‘Forensic correctness’ refers to collecting information in accordance with technological and jurisprudential requirements imposed on law enforcement. ‘Legal fairness’ refers to the police doing their work in accordance with the rule of law and fundamental human rights. The results can help the police to fight crime in modern society appropriately. The results can also help those to whom the police are accountable as well as provide the academic world with new and up-to-date arguments in the ongoing discussion about technology-based policing, fundamental human rights and how the law can be enforced in this newly created digital environment. The study is set up as an international comparative study. Detective work on the TOR-network will be studied in Norway, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The forensic analysis will be carried out in Sweden.

Funding

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in cooperation with NordForsk (The Nordic Countries’ Organisation for Scientific Research)

 

Youth with a Mild Intellectual Disability and Cybersafety

Time schedule

2016-2020

Researchers

Rogier de Groot MSc (PhD-candidate), Dr. Hendrien Kaal, Prof. dr. Wouter Stol

Contact

groot.de.r@hsleiden.nl

Main research question

Which experiences (victimization and offending) do adolescents in the age between 12-19 with MID have on the online risk areas aggression, financial-economic crime, sexual activities, and beliefs?
Which risk and protective factors explain why this population have experiences in these risk areas?
How does knowledge on these experiences and their explanations contribute to the delivery of health care services? 

Summary

Adolescents pose a safety risk in using the internet, like cyberbullying and identity fraude. Adolescents with a mild intellectual disability (MID) seem to be more prone to these risks than average adolescents which can result in victimization and offending behavior. So far little attention has been paid to the online problems of adolescents with MID. Therefore, the aim of this research is to explore the online (risk) behavior of adolescents with MID and to identify important risk and protective factors in order to contribute to the delivery of healthcare services in the Netherlands. 

Funding

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)

  

 Public Order Maintainance in a Digital Environment (‘Mayor in Cyber Space’)

 Acronym

 BMiCS

 Time schedule

 2017

 Researchers

Dr. Willem Bantema, Suzanna Twickler LLM, Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, dr. Michiel Duchateau en prof. mr. Solke Munneke 

 Contact

Willem.Bantema@nhl.nl

 Main research question

Can administrative law (powers of the mayor) be used to regulate online activities that constitute a threat to the public order?

 Summary

These days criminal law is being used to regulate crime and public order, offline as well as online. In the offline world the local authorities also use administrative law for the purpose of public order maintenance. This is not the case in the online world. It has happened on several occasions however that online behavior has led to offline public order disturbances, raising the question why local authorities have to wait for that moment before they can come into action. First this study must give an answer to the question if there does exist a public order online. The next question is if administrative law can be used to regulate online activities that constitute a threat to the online or offline public order? Last but not least the study must make clear how, if at all possible and desirable, this public order maintenance by administrative law may be achieved.

 Funding

 Police and Science

  

 Police and the Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) System

 Acronym

ANPR

 Time schedule

2017

 Researchers

Dr. Joyce Kerstens, Prof. dr. Wouter Stol

 Contact

J.Kerstens@nhl.nl

 Main research question

What effects does ANPR use have on the work of police patrol officers and why?

 Summary

Since August 2016 the Dutch police use one national ANPR system consisting of fixed and mobile cameras. The current study must make clear how police patrol officers use ANPR and how this affects what actions they undertake (e.g. checking vehicles and/or persons) and what effect this has (if any) on police outcomes, such as recovering stolen cars and/or making arrests. One of the questions is why police officers do (or do not) make use of the system and why they do (or do not) make use of the information the system is providing. The researchers make use of a model for evaluating the effectiveness of information which was developed in earlier police studies.

 Funding

Dutch Police

 

 

 Level up! Knowledge for police work in a digitized society 

 Acronym

Level Up

 Time schedule

2017-2018

 Researchers

Jurjen Jansen MSc, Thijs van Valkengoed BSc and Prof. Dr. W. Ph. Stol

 Students involved (from)

Prior to this national study, Thijs van Valkengoed was a student at the Dutch Police Academy. He conducted a preliminary research at the Amsterdam police unit

 Contact

J.Jansen@nhl.nl

 Main research question

What is the knowledge deficit of employees of the Dutch Police regarding digital aspects of police work and how can that be addressed? 

 Summary

Multiple studies have shown that there is a knowledge deficit amongst Dutch police employees with regard to digital aspects of police work. This knowledge deficit hampers the ability of the police to use digital traces in criminal investigations and to effectively fight cybercrime. Although it is clear that there is a knowledge deficit, to date it remains unclear what the knowledge deficit is and to whom it applies within the police organization. This study is meant to specify the knowledge deficit and to advice the police on how to address the problem. 

 Funding

Dutch Police 

 

Upcoming research

 

Acronym

 

Time schedule

 

Researchers

 

Students involved (from)

 

Contact

 

Main research question

 

Summary