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Police Detectives on the TOR Network - PhD


Time schedule
2017 - 2020

Bram Emmen MSc (PhD-candidate), Prof. dr. Wouter Stol, Prof. dr. Christianne de Poot


Main research question
The main research question is if and why there is a difference between everyday police practice and how the work should be done according to principles of forensic correctness and legal fairness.

The present study focuses on police detectives fighting crime on a specific part of the internet: the TOR-network. The core idea is to compare everyday police reality with the demands that are imposed on detective work by principles of both forensic correctness and legal fairness. ‘Forensic correctness’ refers to collecting information in accordance with technological and jurisprudential requirements imposed on law enforcement. ‘Legal fairness’ refers to the police doing their work in accordance with the rule of law and fundamental human rights. The results can help the police to fight crime in modern society appropriately. The results can also help those to whom the police are accountable as well as provide the academic world with new and up-to-date arguments in the ongoing discussion about technology-based policing, fundamental human rights and how the law can be enforced in this newly created digital environment. The study is set up as an international comparative study. Detective work on the TOR-network will be studied in Norway, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The forensic analysis will be carried out in Sweden.

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in cooperation with NordForsk (The Nordic Countries’ Organisation for Scientific Research)